Besides climate control and secure access, specialized wine storage facilities offer other benefits, such as light protection. Light can negatively affect the quality of wine, so warehouses often have low-light environments to protect the bottles.

The AVA is a system used in the United States to designate specific wine-growing regions. It differs from the European appellation system in that crop yields, grape varietals grown or winemaking methods don’t factor into the classification.

It's important to research and understand the various routes, carriers and transport modes available for your shipments. This helps determine the most cost-effective and efficient shipping lanes for your beverage shipments. Using a freight forwarder like Hillebrand Gori can help streamline your shipments by providing expert knowledge on shipping lane logistics and offering solutions tailored to your business needs.

In the wine industry, shipping rates are what a freight forwarder charges the freight payer to handle the transport of their beverage shipment from origin to destination, according to the agreed Incoterm

The port of destination is the final port where a container vessel arrives at before being unloaded and the container transported to its final destination.

Work with an experienced logistics provider like Hillebrand Gori, that specializes in beer shipping and has developed efficient, sustainable methods. These include optimizing transport routes, considering alternative modes of transport, and using sustainable packaging options like reusable kegs.

When selecting a freight forwarder, consider their experience and expertise in your industry, network and infrastructure capabilities, and customer service standards. It's also important to understand their pricing and any additional services they offer.

China comes top and exported almost US$3.6tn in 2022. The US comes in second with US$2tn in exports, followed by the US$1.7tn exported by Germany.

According to the 3-30-300 rule, beer that is stored for 3 days at 90°, 30 days at 72°, or 300 days at 38° will have the same degree of flavor loss from oxidation.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is responsible for four international trade agreements: the Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights agreement (TRIPS), the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and the Trade-Related Investment Agreement (TRIMS).

Intermodal transportation involves transporting products using a combination of transport modes, without needing to unload/reload the container. A container can be transported by truck to a sea port, drive onto a vessel and then drive off again. This type of intermodal transport is referred to as Ro-Ro - roll on to a vessel - roll off of a vessel.

By eliminating the need for individual bottles and packaging, bulk shipping significantly reduces transportation costs. It also allows for more efficient use of space, as a single flexitank can hold almost double the amount of wine compared to bottles in a container. This reduces the number of shipments needed, reducing costs and carbon emissions. Additionally, it helps eliminate waste from packaging materials, making it a more environmentally friendly option.

A negotiable BOL, commonly used in commercial transactions, is a document you can legally transfer to another party. Governed by specific laws and regulations, it provides the shipper or holder legal protection.

It's becoming more common for carriers and shippers to use electronic BOL. Ensure that all parties involved accept this form of documentation. Some countries may have certain regulations regarding the use of electronic BOL.

Yes, the same wine can taste different when stored in different bottle sizes. This is because the ratio of oxygen to wine inside the bottle can affect how it ages and develops.

Shipping documents are typically completed by you or a freight forwarder (like Hillebrand Gori). While it is possible to handle shipping documents yourself, using a freight forwarder can simplify the process and prevent errors. A freight forwarder has expertise in dealing with customs and regulations and can manage all necessary paperwork for your shipment. They can also provide valuable guidance on the most efficient and cost-effective shipping methods.

The Incoterms® are classified into four main categories: E (departure), F (main carriage unpaid), C (main carriage paid), and D (arrival). This classification system facilitates clear communication and understanding in international trade transactions.

Yes, if oxygen exposure occurs during shipping, the wine can spoil causing it to taste like vinegar. This is why it's important to choose the right container type to help protect your wine from temperature and humidity.

Rail freight uses trains to transport goods, while road freight uses trucks and delivery vans. Companies often use rail freight for mid-distance transport, while local and regional shipments rely on road freight.

Some drinking trends for Gen Z include a preference for healthier options such as low-sugar or non-alcoholic beverages. They also tend to value new experiences and products over traditional brand loyalty. Keeping up with these trends can help suppliers appeal to this demographic.

Right now, Jan 2024, rates are rising due to ongoing geo-political and economical challenges - Red Sea attacks for example. London-based Drewry Shipping Consultants, reported that the global average shipping costs for a 40-foot container surged by 23% during the week ending January 18, 2024, reaching $3,777. This represents a twofold increase in the last month.

FCL services enable you to move 10 standard pallets of wine in a 20ft container.  Alternatively, flexitanks are a solution for bulk wine transport. These flexible tanks can hold up to 24,000 liters of wine and fit inside a standard 20-foot shipping container. 

It provides insight into potential changes in shipping costs, allowing you to plan and budget accordingly. By staying informed on market trends, you can make more strategic decisions and mitigate any negative impacts.

No, Incoterms aren’t a substitute for shipment documentation such as bills of lading. They provide additional information to determine which party assumes the risk when transporting goods.

The consequences of Brexit have contributed to increases in the shelf price of wine, beer, and spirits in the UK. The total value of wine exports from the UK dropped significantly after 2019, and the cost of a bottle of wine has increased by about £1.50 (€1.77) since before Brexit. Other factors, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, have also contributed to higher prices.

Beer bottles are pressure-sensitive and need to be handled with care. The size and shape influence how they’re packaged and shipped in containers, which affects costs. Larger or irregularly shaped bottles may take up more space and require more care to prevent breakage during transport.

Some proactive steps wine importers can take to adapt to the changes and ensure compliance include staying updated on the latest regulations and requirements, maintaining accurate records of imports and sales, and working closely with logistics partners, like Hillebrand Gori, to streamline processes.

Any spirit can be used to make a cocktail. Cocktails are simply mixed drinks made with distilled liquor. Examples include margaritas, martinis, and mai tais.

During the Brexit transition phase, UK–EU trade declined by 10- 15%. The effect was greater on UK imports than exports. During the same time, intra-EU trade increased, suggesting that trade with the UK was redirected to other EU members.

The specific documents needed for container shipping vary based on the type of product and destination country. However, some common documents include the bill of lading, certificate of origin, commercial invoice and packing list. Work with a freight forwarder who can help you obtain all necessary documentation for your shipment.

The historic reform of alcohol duties in the UK signifies a shift towards simplifying and modernizing the current system. This means that wine importers will face reduced administrative burdens, allowing them to focus on growing their businesses and meeting consumer demand.

A freight forwarder, like Hillebrand Gori, provides expertise and specialized services in transportation logistics. They understand the different transport modes, shipping regulations and documentation requirements. This allows them to provide efficient and cost-effective solutions for moving products from one point to another.

Importing wine can be a complex process involving several parties in the supply chain. You need to obtain the necessary licenses and permits for importing alcohol and find reliable suppliers, then negotiate prices and terms of delivery, and arrange for transportation of the wine to your destination country. 

It depends on the country paying the drawback. In the U.S., a drawback claim must be filed within three years of the exportation of the goods. The drawback must then be paid within three months after the file was claimed.

What is the minimum amount for duty drawback? For example, in the U.K., the minimum amount of duty drawback you can claim is £500.

Review your current processes and procedures to ensure they align with regulations. This may include obtaining necessary certificates, licenses and permits. It’s also crucial to stay informed about any updates or changes to regulations.

It depends. Some pesticides used in wine production pollute the soil and water, while also contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. Overfarming can also lead to soil degradation. That’s why wine sustainability is so important.

Some famous or historic ports include the Port of Shanghai in China, the Port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the Port of Singapore in Southeast Asia and the Port of Los Angeles in the United States. These ports have played significant roles in trade throughout history and remain major hubs for international trade today.

Work with a logistics provider, like Hillebrand Gori, who can help navigate the complex rules and regulations surrounding international beverage trade and ensure compliance. Another strategy is to use free trade agreements, which can lower, defer or eliminate duty rates for certain products traded between specific countries.

Preservation of wine quality, a better shelf life and increased customer satisfaction.

Using ISO tank containers for alcohol transportation has multiple environmental benefits. Our containers are reusable, reducing waste and minimizing the carbon footprint of each shipment.

Wine subregions are smaller areas within a larger wine region that have distinct characteristics and produce unique wines. These subregions may differ in climate, soil composition, grape varieties grown and winemaking techniques used. They offer more specific information about the wine’s origin and can help you better understand its taste profile. Some examples of famous subregions include Chianti in Tuscany and Barolo in Piedmont.

 In the UK, the duty for wine containing 11.5%-14.5% ABV (alcohol by volume) is £2.67 plus VAT per bottle. The rates of duty for alcohol are listed on the UK government’s website.

The main benefit of bonded products is that importers can pay the duties or taxes after they have been customs cleared and moved to a warehouse. This allows  products to be re-exported without having to pay the duty.

Tax regulations regarding wine investment vary by jurisdiction. In the United States, any profit from selling wine is subject to capital gain taxes. In the United Kingdom, wine classified as a "wasting asset" isn’t subject to capital gains tax. A wasting asset is any tangible moveable property with a predictable life of 50 years or less.

Yes, import duties are taxes imposed on products entering a country. The type of products and their value usually determine the rate of duty.

Flexitanks are suitable for transporting a wide range of non-hazardous liquids, including: 

  • Wine, beer and spirits 
  • Adhesives, biodiesal, emulsions, oil, water-based paints
  • Food-grade oils 
  • Non-hazardous chemicals

A massive new tonnage deployment, coupled with a natural capacity increase thanks to increased schedule reliability, means capacity has overtaken demand growth. Capacity management is tighter as a result, and with disruptions from the Panama Canal traffic restrictions due to low water levels, and Suez tensions, changes to the shipping landscape look set to become a temporary norm.

Yes, flexitank and flexibag are often used interchangeably to describe the same product. Both refer to a large, flexible container used for shipping liquids. The term "flexitank" is more commonly used in the industry.

A fixed rate is a a quote that has a longer validity than a spot rate.  It is fixed for a period of time to offer the freight payer some stability. Unlike spot rates, the charges remain consistent throughout the contract's duration, regardless of market fluctuations or changes in demand.

Sustainable transport aims to minimize the environmental impact of moving goods and products. Initiatives like the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), MARPOL and the Paris Agreement are helping to drivereal change in sustainable transport.  More electric vehicles and cleaner fuels are likely to become more common.

Regulations that apply to ISO tanks include the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, Accord Dangereux Routier (ADR) and the UN/DOT regulations for hazardous materials.

Flexitanks and ISO tanks are two options for shipping wine in bulk. Flexitanks are more accessible and can be recycled. ISO tanks require cleaning after each use and can be harder to come by in the market.

Yes, you can buy used containers at a lower cost than new ones. However, it's important to thoroughly inspect the container for any damages or structural issues before purchasing. Check for rust, dents, and holes that may affect the container's integrity. Also, ask for a warranty from the seller.

Inventory visibility is essential for effective inventory management. It means knowing what inventory you have and where they are based in your supply chain, together with a full traceability record for every order and product details. Wine businesses need to have excellent visibility of their inventory to fulfil orders reliably, and maintain a lean inventory.

A cocktail is any blend of distilled liquor, meaning you can create cocktails from all types of spirits. Popular examples include martinis, daiquiris, and margaritas.

A cocktail is any mixed drink made with distilled liquor, so you can make cocktails from any spirit.

The cost will vary depending on the quantity you are shipping, the mode of transport and the distance it needs to travel.

Logistics involves the management of supply chains. Freight forwarding is a subset of logistics that focuses on arranging the transport of products from one place to another.

In logistics, 20 FCL is more commonly known as a 20ft container or 20ft TEU. An empty standard 20ft container weighs around 1.8-2.2 metric tonnes (about 3,970 - 4,850 lb) and can hold up to about 25,400kg (28 tons). An empty 40-foot container weighs between 3.8 and 4.2 tonnes (8,340 - 9,260 lb) and can carry up to 26,300kg (29 tons). However, while you can fill a container to its maximum payload, you also need to consider the local road weight limits throughout the shipment's journey.

Most types of wine will remain fresh for a 2–3 days after opening, but there are a few things you can do to extend this.

  • Reseal the bottle: this slows the oxidation process, helping the wine stay fresh for longer. You can achieve this by reusing the original cork stopper, or using a bottle stopper.

  • Keep it in a cool place: storing opened wine in your fridge will prolong its freshness.

The cost varies depending on the quantity of products shipped, the distance between origin and destination, transport mode, and any additional service requirements. A freight forwarder can provide a quote outlining all costs associated with the shipment.

It varies depending on several factors, including the type of products shipped, the country of origin and destination and most importantly, if your paperwork is correct. Your paperwork can be submitted prior to them arriving at the port of origin and cleared in time for their scheduled onward journey.

Yes, wine with 24% ABV or less can be placed in checked bags without restrictions. However, only 5 liters (1.3 gallons) of alcoholic beverages between 24% and 70% ABV are allowed in checked bags for each passenger.

To successfully implement lean logistics, you will need a logistics partner with the right warehouses and knowledge to set up the processes within your supply chain.

The ideal temperature for wine storage is from +50°F to 68°F (+10°C to 20°). Warehouses typically maintain an ambient temperature that’s suitable for storing most wines. Sometimes, there might be temperature-controlled sections specifically designed for wines that require precise humidity and temperature levels.

You may be able to spot signs of oxidation in a wine by its appearance. One visual indicator is cloudiness or haziness due to chemical reactions during spoilage. 

Packing and shipping accounts for a significant portion (51%) of the wine industry's carbon footprint. By implementing environmentally friendly practices like using renewable materials and reducing packaging waste, suppliers can decrease their environmental impact and appeal to consumers who prioritize sustainability.

Yes, you can submit many shipping documents electronically — known as a Paperless Trade (PLT) service. This allows for a more streamlined and efficient process, reducing the possibility of errors and speeding up customs clearance.

 Sustainability is concerned with preserving the environment while organic wines are made without pesticides or other synthetic chemicals. Organic wines in the US are produced from certified organically-grown grapes, free from synthetic pesticides, additives and added sulphites.

The cost of shipping a 40-foot container varies depending on your products’ destination, quantity, size and sometimes, weight. Contact a freight forwarder, like Hillebrand Gori, for a personalized quote.

A ruling is an official interpretation by Customs and Border Protection of the HS code assigned to a product. This ruling provides guidance on how to classify similar products. Rulings can be overturned or updated, so check for changes.

Common challenges include navigating complex regulations, managing inventory and finding distribution channels. Wine distribution also requires price flexibility and a strong understanding of consumer preferences.

Wine protection refers to the methods and techniques used to preserve the quality, taste and freshness of wine during transportation or storage. This is important to ensure that the wine reaches its destination in optimal condition. Knowing the climate conditions during the shipment and using insulated liners can help protect your wine.

Bulk wine refers to large quantities of wine being transported in flexitanks or ISO tank container. This method of transportation allows for more efficient and cost-effective shipping.

An efficient way to ship wine in bulk is through Flexitanks. These large, single-use tanks can hold up to 24,000 liters of wine. Work with a freight forwarder specialising in wine logistics, like Hillebrand Gori, to ensure the safe and efficient transportation of your wine.

The inventory management process can be broken down into 5 stages:

  1. Order and receive inventory.
  2. Organize and store inventory.
  3. Take point of sale orders. 
  4. Transport products to your customer.
  5. Restock inventory ready for the next order.

There’s a trend towards more sustainable and eco-friendly logistics practices. This includes using Hillebrand Gori’s 100% recyclable flexitank.

The maximum payload you can achieve depends on factors like the route, cargo and transport mode. For example, the limit for road weight in the United States is 80,000 pounds (36,287 kilograms) gross vehicle weight (GVW) per vehicle. The GVW includes the weight of the cargo, chassis and truck, forming a comprehensive measure for the overall load. When connected to an empty container chassis, an average truck weighs approximately 35,000 pounds (15,875 kilograms).

When port congestion occurs, cargo owners sometimes need to pay a fee to the shipping lines, even when vessels are simply left waiting at a port. These fees pay for maintenance and fuel costs, as well as operational costs during the congestion period.

With US$3.38tn imported in 2022, the US is the top importer in the world. China is second with US$2.7tn in imports and Germany is third with US$1.6tn. 

Compared to other industries, cross-docking has become increasingly common as more wineries and distributors seek cost-effective, efficient shipping methods. A 2020 survey found that more than 40% of food and beverage logistics executives increased their use of cross-docking in the past five years.

Climate affects grape ripeness and flavor profiles. For example, cooler climates produce wines with higher acidity, while warmer climates lead to riper grapes with more pronounced fruit flavors and less acidity.

If your wine shipment was damaged during transit, contact your logistics provider and insurance broker immediately. They can guide you through filing a claim.

Certain wines, especially those with higher acidity, may be more prone to oxidation. For example, white wines made from floral grapes like Riesling are susceptible to oxidation, while red wines are more resistant due to their natural antioxidants.

Dimensions vary depending on the dimension of the bottle, but a rack with a depth of at least 14.5 inches (37 centimeters) can typically hold most standard wine bottles. 

The new regulations apply to plane operators, as well as companies in the energy or manufacturing sectors operating in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Northern Ireland (for electricity generation). Starting in 2024, the EU ETS expanded its scope to include emissions from maritime transport.

No, duty drawbacks are not classified as subsidies according to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO defines a subsidy as a financial contribution from a government or public body to benefit a business or industry.

The timeline varies based on the size of the business, the level of implementation and the current state of operations. However, businesses can see noticeable improvements in efficiency and cost savings within the first few months. Significant transformation and long-term benefits can take longer.

The English word ‘cargo’ has been around since at least the 1650s, when it was used for freight that was loaded onto a ship. It comes from the Spanish word ‘cargar’, which means ‘to load’. In turn, ‘cargar’ comes from the Latin ‘carricare’, meaning ‘to load a cart’. 

After opening, recork or seal red wine with a stopper and store it in a dark, cool place.

This is when winemakers take an environmental approach to producing wine, from grape to bottle. Although there are no worldwide guidelines in place to follow, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has a set of standards in place.

Ships transport around 11 billion tons of products on average each year, according to the International Chamber of Shipping. This number highlights the crucial role that shipping lanes play in global trade and transportation.

According to the WEF, Japan has the highest quality railroad infrastructure in the world with 6.8 points. Hong Kong comes in second with 6.5 and Switzerland is third with 6.4.

Consider factors such as the type and value of your shipments, and what you need your policy to cover. When comparing quotes be sure to check carefully the limits or deductibles and the claims process.

Different dimensions serve aesthetic purposes and aid in preserving and aging the wine inside. For example, the larger size of a wine allows for slower and more gradual oxygen exchange, resulting in a better aging process.

The first step is understanding your current processes and identifying areas for improvement. This can involve analyzing your supply chain and identifying inefficiencies. Working with experienced professionals to create a solution and new process to implement is the next step. Continuous monitoring and improvement are also key to successful implementation.

In case of a lost or destroyed bill of lading, the carrier may require additional documentation to release the cargo. This can include a written statement of loss, a commercial invoice, and other relevant documents. It's important to keep copies of all shipping documents to avoid delays in customs clearance.

To extend the life of unopened wine, storing it in the right conditions is essential. A dark, cool space, such as a wine cellar or wine fridge, is ideal. This is because the optimum temperature for storing wine is between 10°C and 20°C  (50°F and 68°F). In addition, keeping wine in a dark space avoids potential spoilage from lightstrike. Storing your wine in the correct conditions helps preserve the quality and freshness of unopened wine.

Most of the wine imported to the UK comes from France or Italy. Other major wine exporters to the UK include New Zealand, Australia, Spain, and Belgium.

No. ISPM 15 doesn't encompass all types of wooden pallets. It only applies to those used for international shipping, as they pose a higher risk of spreading pests. Pallets intended for domestic use within a country are exempt from this requirement. Additionally, ISPM 15 doesn't apply to plastic or metal pallets.

The receiver of the goods is usually responsible for paying duties and taxes because customs levy them in the destination country. However, the sender can also pay these fees on behalf of the receiver and collect payment from them later.

Yes, wine can provide high returns and many investors consider it an asset. Though it is an investment that requires time and knowledge to be successful.

Inland operations is a term used for all of the logistics operations involved in inland transportation, including warehousing and shipping.

Wine logistics can be vulnerable to risks such as theft, breakage and temperature fluctuations. You need to consider the container type you are using to transport your wines and having adequate insurance coverage.

The transportation of goods is the process of moving products from one location to another using various modes of transport such as sea, road, air or rail. It may involve transporting products for trade, delivery to customers or distribution to various locations.

Europe leads the way in bulk wine transportation, with an annual movement of nearly 16,000 kilotons. North America follows, moving moves half that amount.

The ABC inventory management technique that divides inventory into three categories: A, B and C. Items in the A category have the highest value to the business, B category items have lower value, and category C has the lowest value. The ABC system therefore calculates the value of inventory based on their value to the business, based on criteria such as demand and cost. 

Usually no. Any container can be subject to a randomized inspection and full out turn of its contents, but this is not common.

Yes, but it'll require the issuance of a new BOL with the correct information. Confirm the cancellation of the old BOL with your carrier or freight forwarder to avoid any complications.

While there isn’t a complete solution for the problem of container shipping shortages, planning ahead, keeping up to date with your trade routes, and having a contingency plan can help. Less-than-container-load shipping, for example, can be useful in these situations, as it allows you to share a container with other shippers, making it easier to secure space.

Yes, each country has its own laws and regulations regarding importing and exporting alcoholic beverages. It’s important to research and follow these regulations before shipping wine across borders to avoid any legal issues or delays in delivery.

After each use, a certified cleaning terminal will clean and inspect the container. They'll ensure it meets all necessary cleanliness levels and is free of damage before it’s used again.

Yes, insurance is available for wine shipments to protect against loss or damage during transportation. It's important to work with a logistics provider like Hillebrand Gori, who offers comprehensive insurance coverage and has experience handling wine shipments.

Multimodal transportation involves more than one mode. In intermodal transportation you can move the container between different modes without needing to unpack/reload the contents.

Inland charges include all of the transportation costs involved in moving containers to and from a seaport.

Technology can streamline processes and provide better data management. For example, inventory management software helps distributors track inventory levels, manage orders and deliveries. Online marketplaces and e-commerce platforms provide a wider reach for producers to access new markets and customers. Data analytics tools also provide valuable insights into consumer behaviors and preferences.

In the beverage industry, logistics companies who specialize in this product will not price you per kg.  It will be by container or pallet. Sometimes by case.

Ocean freight is seen as cost-efficient, reliable and a more sustainable mode of transport than air freight. Maritime shipping is also one of the most energy-efficient modes of transport, but more needs to be done to reduce the industry’s greenhouse gas emissions. Rail freight that is powered by electricity is also high on the list of most sustainable transport modes, since it emits minimal emissions.

When shipping products, you'll need to provide information like the product type, quantity, value, destination and ship date. This information helps customs determine the necessary duties, taxes and tariffs and ensures your shipment complies with all regulations.

The use of standardized containers and the limited handling of freight minimizes the risk of damage or loss during transportation.

A shipping shortage is a global shortage of shipping containers. This can disrupt international trade and cause problems for businesses and customers.

Market conditions, vintage quality and individual investment goals may influence the decision to sell earlier or hold for a longer duration.

The temperature range for a 20-foot standard reefer container is -30ºC to +30ºC.

Your carrier will provide a quote based on the mode of transport and type of container required, as well as the route, type of cargo and any other additional services. Be sure to be specific in what you need, or ask what is available based on your shipment needs.

The future of transportation will continue to be shaped by technological advancements to increase efficiency and lower emissions. This includes adopting electric and autonomous vehicles as well as using artificial intelligence for route optimization.

Port congestion can affect all ports. However, the busiest container port in the world at present is the Port of Shanghai, which handles around 40 million TEUs on an annual basis. China is home to some of the busiest, but also most popular ports in the world.

Yes. Pre-cool your products to the required temperature before moving them into a refrigerated container. Ensuring the container remains at the proper temperature during loading and unloading is also important. Prevent condensation build-up by ensuring proper ventilation. Following guidelines for stacking pallets in the container is essential to ensure adequate air circulation.

The best way to protect yourself from general average losses is with a comprehensive marine cargo insurance policy. This insurance will cover your goods and any related costs in the event of a general average situation. Carefully review your policy and ensure it includes coverage for general average losses.

Ports and shipping terminals help facilitate international trade by serving as gateways for the movement of goods across countries. They provide infrastructure, facilities and services for loading, unloading, storing or distributing cargo. Efficient port operations are essential for smooth supply chains and global commerce.

Different wines may have different duty rates based on alcohol content, country of origin or production method. Trade agreements or preferential treatment programs may impact rates, so use resources like the USITC Tariff Database or Customs Info Database to stay up to date.

With the growing demand for wine worldwide, the transportation industry is constantly evolving to meet this demand. Gaining momentum is the need for sustainable logistics. This includes using sustainable fuels, reducing carbon emissions and implementing more efficient logistics supply chains.

Humidity is important in wine storage because it prevents the corks from drying out and causing the degradation or the loss of liquid. The ideal range for humidity is between 50-70%. Too high humidity can encourage mold growth.

Compared to traditional warehousing and storage methods, cross-docking helps carriers stay compliant with regulations for shipping temperature-sensitive products by reducing product handling, which lowers the risk of contamination or damage. It also allows for more efficient documentation and tracking of shipments.

Notify your insurer.  If you don’t have a policy with Hillebrand Gori, you’ll need to provide all necessary documentation, such as a written statement of damage or loss and proof of value to start the process. With us, we do it for you.

The strongest commercially available spirit is a Polish vodka called Polmos Spirytus Rektyfikowany. It's mostly used by home distillers to make their own flavored vodkas.

US wine producers must pay excise taxes, foreign wine is subject to the wine import tax USA authorities impose, and many wineries have to pay mortgages on their vineyards. All these costs are passed on to the consumer. Most producers in Old World wine countries do not have to pay excise taxes and many wineries have owned their vineyards for hundreds of years.

On the positive side, trading services, digital goods, and e-commerce are growing and more regional trade agreements are being signed or negotiated. On the downside, trade sanctions and protectionist policies are increasing.

Polmos Spirytus Rektyfikowany, a Polish vodka, holds the title of the most potent commercially accessible spirit. Frequently employed by home distillers, it serves as a base for crafting various flavoured vodkas.

The amount of raw material used and the production method can have an impact on the sustainability of a beer bottle.  Some breweries use lighter bottles (under 220 grams) or cans, which can have a lower environmental than standard glass.

The lifespan of a shipping container can vary depending on several factors, such as the material used, weather conditions and maintenance. On average, a container can an average of 15 to 25 years with proper care and upkeep.

There are various strategies that companies can implement to reduce their emissions, such as optimizing transportation and supply chains. Companies can also invest in alternative energy sources and participate in carbon offsetting programs to compensate for their emissions.

Yes, concrete floors can cause fluctuating temperatures and moisture levels, which can negatively affect wine. Use hardwood or tile flooring because it provides better insulation and durability. Avoid carpeting, which can harbor mold or mildew.

A tool or mechanism to enable you to reduce your carbon emissions. For example, switching to transport modes that are more efficient.

Yes, for wine protection in storage and transit, our insulation liners provide protection from thermal shocks and other risks, and are fully recyclable.

Yes, a dried-out cork can cause wine leakage. This is because the cork becomes brittle and no longer forms a proper seal, allowing air to enter the wine bottle and causing it to spoil.

The three types of freight are air, sea, and land. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages depending on the distance, urgency, and nature of the products shipped.

Every five to six years, the WCO reviews and revises the codes to account for changes in regulatory requirements, technology and trade patterns. Check for updates regularly to ensure your wine shipment is correctly classified and compliant with current regulations.

An effective compliance program includes regular research, training and internal controls. With a comprehensive program, importers can better navigate complex regulations, minimize risks and maintain transparency. It’s important to regularly review and update the compliance program to adapt to any changes in regulations or business operations.

Shipping insurance provides coverage for shipments in case of damage, loss or theft during transit. It protects you from financial losses. Hillebrand Gori’s policy will offer you a full compensation upon the successful outcome of a claim.

Bonded products are commonly used to store products that require processing or customs clearance before being released for sale. Examples of bonded products include wine, beer, spirits and tobacco.

Germany’s Deutsche Bahn is the biggest rail freight company in Europe. In 2020, it transported almost 76,700mtk of cargo. The second biggest, VDV, is also German. VDV moved 37,772mtk in 2020. Third is Austrian company OBB, which hauled 24,232mtk. 

Here at Hillebrand Gori, we have an unrivaled knowledge of the best way to preserve the quality of wine in storage and in transit and we’re proactive to your needs. 

Contact us to make your wine importing more sustainable with our dependable, green, and fast overland rail services.

Experts project shifting consumer preferences towards organic or sustainable wines, the rich diversity of wine-producing regions, and the increasing popularity of wine tourism to drive market growth in the wine industry. 

Singapore could be considered the country with the freest trade in the world. The economy is open and imports do not attract tariffs. Additionally, there are few or no restrictions on foreign ownership of Singaporean companies. 

Air cargo logistics is more correctly called air freight logistics. It refers to the management, planning, and process of transporting goods from one place to another by air. Originally, logistics was a term used by the military but now it is used by companies all along the supply chain.

A port of entry is where imported goods are admitted into the receiving country. The terms port of entry and port of discharge are often used interchangeably.

No, Incoterms® are updated every 10 years to reflect the changing global trade landscape. The most recent version is Incoterms® 2020.

Shipping documents are important paperwork required when shipping goods, including wine, beer or spirits. These documents provide crucial information for customs clearance and ensure your shipment arrives on time and safely.

The cost of general average insurance varies depending on several factors, such as the value of the cargo shipped and the level of coverage desired. A freight forwarder, like Hillebrand Gori, can help you find the best insurance options for your specific needs and budget.

New Zealand was the first country to adopt ISPM 15 in 2003. Australia followed in 2004, and the European Union adopted it in 2005.

You should consider the size and type of container needed and that the loading and discharge procedure is compatible with your point of origin and destination. You should also ensure that the container meets all necessary safety standards and regulations for transporting alcohol. Our team at Hillebrand can provide guidance on choosing the right container.

Inland storage facilities, also called inland container depots or dry ports, are used to temporarily store and repair containers as they travel between major ports.

The timeline for shipping a container varies depending on the origin and destination of your shipment. Transit times can vary based on weather, customs delays and peak shipping seasons.

Insulated containers offer protection against temperature fluctuations, which can impact the quality and taste of wine. With insulated containers, you’ll have a stable climate throughout the journey, preventing thermal shock and preserving the integrity of the wine.

France exported around $2.8bn of wine to the US in 2022, making it the country’s top source of wine imports.

Global trade makes the world economy more efficient. It allows goods, and services to be transported to where they are needed and increases productivity.

Demurrage is a fee charged for containers not moved out of a port within the time allotted.

The primary difference is that flexitanks are only suitable for non-hazardous liquids. ISO tanks can carry hazardous and non-hazardous liquids. Flexitanks are also more easily accessible in the market.

In 2021, the world's three top imported products were crude petroleum (US$951bn), integrated circuits (US$823bn), and refined petroleum (US$746bn). Cars were fourth with US$723bn traded globally and imports of broadcasting equipment were fifth with a value of US$473bn. For comparison, the total value of wine traded globally in 2022 was US$41.24bn.

If ‘normal planes’ means passenger aircraft, then yes, they frequently carry cargo. This is also known as ‘belly cargo’ and it adds an extra source of revenue for carriers. 

Subregions can have unique soil types, microclimates and topography that contribute to the wine’s flavor profile. This is why wines from subregions within a larger region may have distinct characteristics even if made from the same grape varietal.

Bulk transport refers to moving large quantities of wine in bulk containers such as flexitanks or ISO tanks, whereas bottled transport refers to shipping wine in cases on pallets. Bulk transport is generally more cost-effective per liter, while bottled transport allows you to ship more than one type or brand of wine in a single container.

A logistics provider, like Hillebrand Gori, is an expert in logistics and can provide valuable assistance in determining the best intermodal solution. They can also handle all the necessary arrangements and coordination between different transport modes.

No. Alcoholic beverages don't become stronger as they age, but their flavors can change.

Some common mistakes include misclassifying your wine, not properly vetting the customs broker or freight forwarder and using an outdated code. It's important to thoroughly understand the product and its components when choosing an HS code. 

This depends on the country the products are exported from and to.

Inland haulage is the movement of containers from a seaport to an inland container freight station. Inland haulage is technically a type of drayage.

Sustainability is the ability to support today without compromising tomorrow. Environmental sustainability refers to conserving the planet's natural resources and mitigating climate change. 

Trade agreements can be unilateral, bilateral, or multilateral.

In unilateral trade agreements, a country lowers its trade restrictions to help generate more trade with others. A bilateral trade agreement is made between two countries who both agree to lower their trade restrictions for each other. A multilateral trade agreement involves three or more countries agreeing to reduce their trade restrictions among themselves.

Spirits contain calories primarily derived from alcohol, with little to no nutritional value. They are typically low in carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. A standard serving of spirits, such as a shot or 1.5 ounces, contains around 97 calories. However, the calorie content can vary depending on the specific type of spirit and any additional ingredients used in cocktails or mixers.

In the EU, the main types of freight in 2021 were metal ores, mining and quarrying products, and peat. The most common types of freight in the U.S. are coal, chemicals, and grain.

The cost of a 20-foot shipping container for a full container load (FCL) service varies depending on the container type, inclusion of insurance, route and other factors. It’s best to contact a freight forwarder, like Hillebrand Gori, for an accurate quote.

The most common types of intermodal containers come in two sizes, twenty foot and forty foot. They are suitable for bottled wine and, if you are bulk shipping liquids, a flexitank can be placed inside them too. Other types of container include refrigerated containers and insulated containers which are recommended for protecting sensitive products like wine from the risks of temperature and humidity.

Yes, there may be exemptions or reduced rates for duties and taxes depending on the country of import and the type of products. For example, in the United States, there’s a duty exemption for products with a total value below $800 (de minimis value). But the de minimis rule doesn’t apply to beer, wine and other fermented beverages.

You can tell if beer goes bad by the taste. Expired beer might taste flat, “skunky”, or overly sweet. The color and foam density may also change when beer goes bad.

Risks temperature and humidity loss or theft during transit and breakage of bottles. It's important to understand these risks and mitigate them through proper packaging, insurance coverage, and secure transportation methods.

These are guidelines for determining and distributing the costs of a general average loss first established in 1890. These rules provide a framework for calculating and allocating costs.

Shipping terminology helps maintain a standardized communication system, ensuring clarity and understanding among stakeholders. This helps avoid confusion or miscommunication, reducing the risk of errors and delays.

RTAs are Regional Trade Agreements between two or more countries. They formalize the rules of trade for all participants. Examples include the European Union (EU), the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA), and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).

They understand the unique challenges and requirements of transporting wine. They focus on product safety and quality preservation from collection to delivery.

The transportation of goods is crucial for global trade and economic growth. It allows businesses to move their products to different markets, reach new customers and fulfill orders promptly. It also enables access to goods from other countries, providing consumers with more choices and competitive prices.

The four types of inventory are: 

  1. Finished goods
  2. Raw materials
  3. Work in progress  

As a wine shipping business, you will most probably only be working with finished goods.

It’s taking a more environmentally friendly approach to transporting goods. This means by lowering the related emissions on the cargo’s journey, by choosing sustainable fuels, for example.

Some people might use 40 FCL to refer to the use of an entire 40ft shipping container or TEU to store and transport products. The standard container measures 40ft (12.2m) by 8ft (2.44m) by 8ft 6in (2.6m) and can hold 20x standard pallets (1m x 1.2m), or 23x Euro-pallets (0.8m x 1.2m). By contrast a 20ft container measures 20ft (6.06m) by 8ft (2.44m) by 8ft 6in (2.6m) and can carry 9x standard pallets (1m x 1.2m), or 10x Euro-pallets (0.8m x 1.2m).

A spot rate is the cost of shipping one shipment or container and is often restricted to one vessel. The costs reflect the current conditions of supply and demand within the market at that time. It will often have a short validity date as it is produced ‘on the spot’ for a shipment that is ready to move.

Non-compliance can result in delays, fines or even revocation of permits or licenses. It can also damage your reputation with suppliers, customers and authorities.

Many use global tracking systems that combine various data sources to monitor the progress of shipments in real time. These sources include container tracking, GPS, manifest data and satellite tracking. Some freight forwarders, like Hillebrand Gori, provide access to an online portal to track shipments.

The biggest exports from the United States are refined petroleum, petroleum gas, crude petroleum, automobiles, and integrated circuits. Most US exports go to Canada, Mexico, and China.

Flexitanks offer numerous advantages over traditional tankers, which include:

  • Significant cost savings due to reduced shipping and handling costs
  • Low environmental impact, as they are made from biodegradeable and recyclable materials
  • Hillebrand Gori's flexitanks offer a protective barrier, effectively safeguarding against oxidation and taint compounds.

Global trade can be affected by many factors. Natural disasters, unpredictable exchange rates, political instability, and protectionism can all cause global trade to slow down.

Companies that don’t follow EU ETS regulations will face financial penalties. Non-compliance with requirements can result in fines of €100 per missing allowance. This is equivalent to €100 per ton of carbon. Companies must also compensate for the shortfall in the subsequent year.

No. Old beer may not taste good, but it’s not dangerous.

A wine logistics expert can help you to manage the entire movement of your wine from origin to destination. They have specific knowledge in regulation and legislation, as well as customs clearance requirements.

Wine is a delicate product that requires specific temperature conditions to ensure it doesn’t spoil or decline in quality. Cross-docking facilities must have the necessary equipment and processes to maintain ideal temperatures. Because peak temperatures during a cross-dock operation can damage wine, temperature control is necessary throughout the process, even when there’s no need for storage.

In 2022, the US was the largest wine importer in the world by volume and value. It imported 14.4mhl (million hectolitres) which is valued at €7bn.

Germany was the second largest wine importing country in terms of volume (13.4mhl) but third when it comes to value (€2.7bn).

The UK imported 13.0mhl putting it third by volume, but with those imports worth €4.8bn, the UK is in second place for value.

The aging potential of a wine depends on the wine itself, as well as other factors such as the winemaking practices, the wine’s vintage, and region. Wine with greater aging potential tends to have high quality of the grapes, mid to high level of tannins, high acidity, and high fruit concentration, among other traits.

Wines are often crafted to be enjoyed in a short period of time, and only a few fine wines have a long aging potential. However, fortified wines such as Madeira, Porto or Jerez have a much longer aging potential.

If you want to store your wine for a long time, it's advisable to read reviews, and follow recommended aging guidelines provided by the winery.

Intermodal shipping relies on standardized containers with specific weight and size limits. These limits vary depending on the transport mode, container size and country regulations. In the United States, the maximum weight for a 53-foot domestic intermodal container is 80,000 pounds.

When it comes to the amount of freight transported by rail, China comes out on top with 2,852,068 million tonne-kilometers (mtk) moved in 2019.

While a drawback is technically a refund of duties, the word “refund” is typically reserved for duties that were wrongfully imposed in the first place.

As technology and consumer demands evolve, road freight will significantly change. One prediction is the increased use of electric and autonomous vehicles, which can improve efficiency and reduce carbon emissions.

US federal regulations allow travelers to bring up to one liter (33.8 fl. oz.) of wine for personal consumption before you have to pay duty. individual states may have different limits.

Signs that wine has gone bad include a musty or vinegar-like smell, a flat taste and visible sediment or discoloration. Regularly check on your stored wine and maintain proper conditions.

Baiju, sometimes called “Chinese vodka,” is the top selling spirit worldwide with a global market of $95 billion in 2023.

A terminal is a space or location specifically designed for the loading or unloading of cargo into or out of a vehicle or vessel for transport.

The amount of time a product can remain in a refrigerated container depends on its temperature requirements and specifications.

The price for LCL mainly depends on the number of pallets you want to transport and the routing they take using a specific modality.

Many carriers and freight forwarders offer tracking services for shipments, which you can access through their websites or mobile apps. We offer a tracking system that allows you to manage shipments, follow your shipment’s journey and get notified of important milestones. This helps you stay informed and in control of your shipment.

Some shipping-lane risks include collisions with other vessels, piracy and severe weather conditions. Shippers need to plan ahead and take necessary precautions to minimize these risks and put in place an insurance policy in the event of an incident.

Humidity occurs when moisture builds up inside shipping containers due to temperature differences between the inside and the outside environment. Excess humidity can cause corks to expand or contract, leading to wine leakage. 

The general average clause covers intentional damages or losses sustained for the mutual benefit of all parties involved in the shipment. The particular average clause covers partial damages or losses to cargo from specific perils. This may include actions like discarding cargo to reduce the weight of a distressed ship.

The recycling method will depend on the location of where the flexitank is discharged. It's important to consult with your flexitank provider and local authorities for proper disposal and recycling guidelines. At Hillebrand Gori, we arrange- the recovery and disposal of our flexitanks in locations where it is possibl

Rail-to-truck or truck-to-rail is the most common form of intermodal transportation. Your beverages move by truck for the first and last miles and by rail for the majority of the journey.

Sustainable shipping practices include: 

  • Pooling shipments, for example with LCL shipping.
  • Using electric final mile delivery vehicles
  • Decreasing time in transit
  • Recyclable and less resource-intensive packaging to reduce waste
  • Offsetting and insetting carbon emissions created by shipments

In terms of rail network infrastructure, the US has the largest system in the world with 149,000km of tracks available in 2021.

Road freight refers to transporting products by road, typically using trucks and delivery vans. This is a common method for moving products locally or over short distances.

When acetobacter, a type of bacteria, infiltrates wine, it converts the alcohol into acetic acid, resulting in a sour taste. Once this occurs, removing the sourness from the wine is impossible.

It’s important to consider storage space and transportation. Smaller bottles take up less space in racks and are easier to handle during shipping. Larger bottles may require special storage arrangements and have higher shipping costs. You should also consider any regulations on wine bottle sizes a country may have. Partnering with a freight forwarder like Hillebrand Gori can help you navigate these regulations.

According to the United Nations inflation, along with higher energy prices, rising interest rates, and the war in Ukraine may lead to a slowdown in global trade in 2023.

An import is a shipment of goods received into a country from another.  An export is a shipment of goods sent from one country to another.

No, Incoterms must be specifically incorporated into a contract between buyer and seller.

Climate control in a wine storage warehouse maintains a constant humidity level and temperature within the storage space. This is usually digitally controlled  to regulate temperature and humidity levels, ensuring optimal conditions for storing wine.

While it's challenging to provide an exact count, hundreds of different spirits exist, each representing a unique blend of ingredients, distillation techniques, and ageing processes.

The terms "spirit" and "alcohol" are often used interchangeably, but they refer to different aspects of alcoholic beverages. "Alcohol" is a chemical compound known as ethanol, which is the primary psychoactive ingredient in alcoholic drinks. On the other hand, "spirits" refers to specific types of alcoholic beverages produced through distillation, containing higher concentrations of alcohol compared to beer and wine.

History’s first global trade route may have been the original Silk Road which was actually a network of routes that connected China to Rome. It lasted from 130 BC to  1453 AD and stretched around 6,437km (4,000 miles) across some of the world’s most inhospitable deserts and mountains. 

Some innovative marketing strategies that beverage suppliers can adopt include influencer partnerships, experiential marketing through events or pop-up bars, interactive social media campaigns and unique packaging. These strategies can help suppliers stand out in a crowded market.

The EU ETS achieved an 11.4% decrease between 2019 and 2020, according to the European Environment Agency. This marks the most significant annual drop since its inception in 2005.

Yes, there are regulations and requirements for shipping goods in refrigerated containers. These can vary by country and may include temperature monitoring, documentation, labeling and proper handling procedures. It's important to research and comply with these regulations before shipping.

Temperature-controlled shipping is a method of protecting wine from extreme temperatures during transport. It involves using dry containers fitted with an insulation liner or a refrigerated container.

Most wine storage warehouses offer 24/7 access to your stored wines. However, this may vary depending on the specific warehouse and its policies. It is best to check with the wine storage facility beforehand to ensure their accessibility meets your needs.

The International Maritime Organization has specific regulations and standards for transporting bulk liquids. These standards cover quality control, safety, and environmental considerations. Each country may also have regulatory bodies overseeing the import and export of bulk wine.

The place of receipt is where the carrier receives a container of goods from the shipper. The port of discharge is where that container is discharged from the vessel.

Yes. According to one report, 56%-67% of wine consumers value sustainability. However, the same report found only a third of those consumers were willing to pay a higher price for sustainability-produced wine. Fortunately, adopting sustainable logistics can potentially reduce costs for importers.

No, industry experts predict global revenue for wine to increase by $79.9 billion (23.94%) through 2027. Projections for 2027 estimate revenue to reach $412.9 billion.

A wine broker facilitates the connection between producers and buyers without physically handling the wine; a distributor takes possession of the wine, helping to facilitate the sale.

A liquid bulk carrier is a vessel designed for efficiently transporting large volumes of liquid.

They’re typically constructed with insulated tanks that protect cargo from external temperature changes and allows for easy loading and unloading.

Common bulk liquid transportation vessels used include:

  • Chemical tankers
  • Oil and petroleum tankers
  • Product tankers

The installation process typically takes between 70 and 90 minutes, depending on the tank size and the installer's experience. Trained professionals must do the installation to ensure safety and proper usage.

The length of time may vary depending on the country’s laws and regulations.

Store wine bottles in a horizontal position. This allows the wine to stay in contact with the cork, keeping it moist and preventing air from seeping into the bottle.

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) developed ISPM 15 to address concerns about spreading pests through wooden packaging materials. Many countries globally have widely adopted and enforced this regulation.

Transporting wine is a niche sector within the logistics industry. It involves moving wine from where it is made to where it is consumed. This can involve various modes of transportation, such as trucks, trains, ships, or planes.

Experts predict that the alcohol industry will continue to see a rise in low and non-alcoholic beverage options. They also predict that e-commerce and home-premise consumption will continue to grow as consumers prioritize convenience and at-home experiences.

Container shipping is a method of transporting products in large, standardized containers. It allows for easy handling and transfer between transport modes such as ships, trains and trucks.

Multipurpose terminals handle a diverse range of cargo. They’re adaptable and versatile, making them a popular choice for ports looking to handle a variety of goods.

Yes, you can ship wine during any season.  However, you will need to choose the right shipping container type to manage the temperature and humidity along the transport journey.

In 2023 (Q2) the average waiting time for ships to enter the top 20 ports in the world was around 6.2 days. This represents a major decrease from 61.2 days in Q4 2021. However, congestion is still an issue in many worldwide ports.

The fundamentals of cross-docking are pre-distribution and post-distribution. Pre-distribution starts from the supplier’s warehouse by sorting and preparing products based on predetermined instructions, including details about the final destination. Post-distribution involves re-sorting and combining products from different origins heading to the same destination without needing storage. The next step is loading the products onto a transport vehicle for delivery.

Specific regulations depend on the country of import and export. For example, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau in the US, regulates the shipment of alcoholic beverages and only allows the transport of beer from the brewery for consumption or sale in barrels, bottles, kegs or similar containers.

A refrigerated container is also called a reefer container. These containers maintain a specific temperature range for transporting sensitive products.

While handling your own customs clearance is possible, it can be a complex and time-consuming process. Hiring a reputable logistics provider like Hillebrand Gori, who has extensive knowledge of customs regulations, eliminates the risk of delays or errors in the clearance process.

Check the status by contacting your Hillebrand Gori representative or tracking your shipment through our online portal. We will provide you with regular updates and notifications throughout the transport process, so you know exactly where your shipment is at all times.

Air cargo is used by manufacturers, retailers, and other businesses around the world who require speedy delivery. Sending products or raw materials by air lets these companies move their goods safely and securely in a short space of time.

Both aim to reduce waste and increase efficiency. Streamlining processes and reducing unnecessary transportation or storage, which can reduce your carbon footprint. Incorporating sustainable materials and energy-efficient practices also helps.

Use a reputable wine logistics provider, like Hillebrand Gori, who specializes in handling fine wines. They can recommend the right way to pack and transport the wine to preserve and protect its quality. 

When choosing a distributor, consider their distribution channels, experience in the market and reputation. Conducting thorough research and contacting other producers can provide valuable insights and recommendations. Additionally, attending trade shows and industry events can offer opportunities to network with potential distributors.

As a wine importer, it’s your responsibility to comply with regulations. However, working with a freight forwarder can help alleviate some of the burden by providing expert guidance and assistance in navigating complex compliance processes.

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