Sustainable transport aims to minimize the environmental impact of moving goods and products. Initiatives like the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), MARPOL and the Paris Agreement are helping to drivereal change in sustainable transport.  More electric vehicles and cleaner fuels are likely to become more common.

Ocean freight is seen as cost-efficient, reliable and a more sustainable mode of transport than air freight. Maritime shipping is also one of the most energy-efficient modes of transport, but more needs to be done to reduce the industry’s greenhouse gas emissions. Rail freight that is powered by electricity is also high on the list of most sustainable transport modes, since it emits minimal emissions.

Sustainable shipping practices include: 

  • Pooling shipments, for example with LCL shipping.
  • Using electric final mile delivery vehicles
  • Decreasing time in transit
  • Recyclable and less resource-intensive packaging to reduce waste
  • Offsetting and insetting carbon emissions created by shipments