US federal regulations allow travelers to bring up to one liter (33.8 fl. oz.) of wine for personal consumption before you have to pay duty. individual states may have different limits.

Yes, wine with 24% ABV or less can be placed in checked bags without restrictions. However, only 5 liters (1.3 gallons) of alcoholic beverages between 24% and 70% ABV are allowed in checked bags for each passenger.

US wine producers must pay excise taxes, foreign wine is subject to the wine import tax USA authorities impose, and many wineries have to pay mortgages on their vineyards. All these costs are passed on to the consumer. Most producers in Old World wine countries do not have to pay excise taxes and many wineries have owned their vineyards for hundreds of years.

France exported around $2.8bn of wine to the US in 2022, making it the country’s top source of wine imports.