Was 2021 the worst of the shipping industry crisis?
2021 was a year of strong demand and record low shipping service reliability. But, a year of record rates and profits for ocean freight carriers. Although disruption remains very high, with patchy regional demand, carriers deployed a record and uneven amount of capacity.
So where are we now in this continuing global shipping crisis, and is there a way through this congested worldwide pool of floating vessels?
After the first semester recorded a 14% YoY growth, demand certainly slowed down.
Global shipping schedule reliability fell below 35% in 2021 and international freight shippers have faced unheard of operational disruption all year long. This disruption unfortunately shows little sign of easing in 2022 and has caused lead times to dramatically increase on most trades.
Ocean freight rate levels reached record highs on all routes and remain steady.
Through all the chaos, congestion, fight for space on vessels and the hunt for containers, ocean freight carrier profits are booming on the back of the unprecedented supply/demand conditions. This will enable further investment into future fleets and greener technologies.
This is the largest worldwide container capacity available EVER! Ocean cargo carriers did react to the demand, making use of every vessel available, cutting the unused global fleet to a record low below 1%.
However, ocean carriers also focused on deploying container vessels on the strongest demand routes, starting with the Transpacific, where capacity grew 31%. By domino effect, this impacted other less lucrative lanes, which did not receive such a capacity influx.
Besides solid equipment production in 2021 primarily ordered by ocean carriers, the actual ratio of available TEUs per slot remains low. It’s also unlikely to improve by much, due to poor equipment turn-around time. There’s also a large difference between back and headhaul freight rates, as freight cargo carriers prioritize empty container repositioning over full loads.
If you thought it couldn’t get worse for US intermodal networks, think again. Bottlenecks continue, worsening congestion at ports, with vessel waiting times around 15 to 20 days in many ports.
In H2 2021 port congestion prompted carriers to drop 25% of all North Europe calls (400 port calls) on their Far East loops. By the end of December, around 13% of the world’s capacity was made ineffective by delays. That’s like removing the equivalent of CMA CGM’s entire fleet!
Speaking of fleets… The new vessels order book accounts for 6 million TEU, or 23% of the existing global containership fleet. However, 2022 deliveries are set at around 1 million TEUs, which is around 4.5% of the existing fleet.
Hillebrand is here to help answer your questions, work through your challenges and get your cargo moving. How can we help you?