Most of the wine imported to the UK comes from France or Italy. Other major wine exporters to the UK include New Zealand, Australia, Spain, and Belgium.

During the Brexit transition phase, UK–EU trade declined by 10- 15%. The effect was greater on UK imports than exports. During the same time, intra-EU trade increased, suggesting that trade with the UK was redirected to other EU members.

 In the UK, the duty for wine containing 11.5%-14.5% ABV (alcohol by volume) is £2.67 plus VAT per bottle. The rates of duty for alcohol are listed on the UK government’s website.

The consequences of Brexit have contributed to increases in the shelf price of wine, beer, and spirits in the UK. The total value of wine exports from the UK dropped significantly after 2019, and the cost of a bottle of wine has increased by about £1.50 (€1.77) since before Brexit. Other factors, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, have also contributed to higher prices.